terça-feira, 19 de maio de 2015

terça-feira, 5 de maio de 2015

Don't Tread on Me - The Origins

Gadsden Don't Tread on Me flag
[The Gadsden flag:
Don't Tread on Me]

Don't Tread on Me

When it comes to symbolizing freedom and the spirit of '76, the meaning of Old Glory can get mixed up with the rights and wrongs of the perpetually new-and-improved government. The meaning of "Don't Tread on Me" is unmistakable.
There's also an interesting history behind this flag. And it's intertwined with one of American history's most interesting personalities, Ben Franklin.
American unity
Benjamin Franklin is famous for his sense of humor. In 1751, he wrote a satirical commentary in his Pennsylvania Gazette suggesting that as a way to thank the Brits for their policy of sending convicted felons to America, American colonists should send rattlesnakes to England. Three years later, in 1754, he used a snake to illustrate another point. This time not so humorous. Franklin sketched, carved, and published the first known political cartoon in an American newspaper. It was the image of a snake cut into eight sections. The sections represented the individual colonies and the curves of the snake suggested the coastline. New England was combined into one section as the head of the snake. South Carolina was at the tail. Beneath the snake were the ominous words "Join, or Die."
Franklin's Join or Die snake woodcut
[Benjamin Franklin's woodcut from May 9, 1754.
Newspaper Serial and Government Publications Division,
Library of Congress.]
This had nothing to do with independence from Britain. It was a plea for unity in defending the colonies during the French and Indian War. It played off a common superstition of the time: a snake that had been cut into pieces could come back to life if you joined the sections together before sunset. The snake illustration was reprinted throughout the colonies. Dozens of newspapers from Massachusetts to South Carolina ran Franklin's sketch or some variation of it. For example, the Boston Gazette recreated the snake with the words "Unite and Conquer" coming from its mouth. I suppose the newspaper editors were hungry for graphic material, this being America's first political cartoon. Whatever the reason, Franklin's snake wiggled its way into American culture as an early symbol of a shared national identity.

American Independence

The snake symbol came in handy ten years later, when Americans were again uniting against a common enemy. In 1765 the common enemy was the Stamp Act. The British decided that they needed more control over the colonies, and more importantly, they needed more money from the colonies. The Crown was loaded with debt from the French and Indian War. Why shouldn't the Americans -- "children planted by our care, nourished by our indulgence," as Charles Townshend of the House of Commons put it -- pay off England's debt? Colonel Isaac Barre, who had fought in the French and Indian War, responded that the colonies hadn't been planted by the care of the British government, they'd been established by people fleeing it. And the British government hadn't nourished the colonies, they'd flourished despite what the British government did and didn't do. In this speech, Barre referred to the colonists as "sons of liberty." In the following months and years, as we know, the Sons of Liberty became increasingly resentful of English interference. And as the tides of American public opinion moved closer and closer to rebellion, Franklin's disjointed snake continued to be used as symbol of American unity, and American independence. For example, in 1774 Paul Revere added it to the masthead of The Massachusetts Spy and showed the snake fighting a British dragon.
Revere's rattlesnake masthead
[Paul Revere's modified "Join or Die" snake from the masthead
of Thomas's Boston Journal, July 7, 1774. Newspaper Serial
and Government Publications Division, Library of Congress.]

The birth of the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps

Georgia $20 bill
[The seal from a 1778 $20 bill from Georgia. The financial backing for these bills was property seized from loyalists. The motto reads "Nemo me impune lacesset," i.e. "No one will provoke me with impunity."]
By 1775, the snake symbol wasn't just being printed in newspapers. It was appearing all over the colonies ... on uniform buttons ... on paper money ... and of course, on banners and flags. The snake symbol morphed quite a bit during its rapid, widespread adoption. It wasn't cut up into pieces anymore. And it was usually shown as an American timber rattlesnake, not a generic serpent. We don't know for certain where, when, or by whom the familiar coiled rattlesnake was first used with the warning "Don't Tread on Me." We do know when it first entered the history books. In the fall of 1775, the British were occupying Boston and the young Continental Army was holed up in Cambridge, woefully short on arms and ammunition. At the Battle of Bunker Hill, Washington's troops had been so low on gunpowder that they were ordered "not to fire until you see the whites of their eyes." In October, a merchant ship called The Black Prince returned to Philadelphia from a voyage to England. On board were private letters to the Second Continental Congress that informed them that the British government was sending two ships to America loaded with arms and gunpowder for the British troops. Congress decided that General Washington needed those arms more than General Howe. A plan was hatched to capture the British cargo ships. They authorized the creation of a Continental Navy, starting with four ships. The frigate that carried the information from England, the Black Prince, was one of the four. It was purchased, converted to a man-of-war, and renamed the Alfred. To accompany the Navy on their first mission, Congress also authorized the mustering of five companies of Marines. The Alfred and its sailors and marines went on to achieve some of the most notable victories of the American Revolution. But that's not the story we're interested in here. What's particularly interesting for us is that some of the Marines that enlisted that month in Philadelphia were carrying drums painted yellow, emblazoned with a fierce rattlesnake, coiled and ready to strike, with thirteen rattles, and sporting the motto "Don't Tread on Me."

Benjamin Franklin diverts an idle hour

Franklin portrait
[Benjamin Franklin, portrait by David Martin, 1767. White House Historical Association.]
In December 1775, "An American Guesser" anonymously wrote to the Pennsylvania Journal:
"I observed on one of the drums belonging to the marines now raising, there was painted a Rattle-Snake, with this modest motto under it, 'Don't tread on me.' As I know it is the custom to have some device on the arms of every country, I supposed this may have been intended for the arms of America."
This anonymous writer, having "nothing to do with public affairs" and "in order to divert an idle hour," speculated on why a snake might be chosen as a symbol for America. First, it occurred to him that "the Rattle-Snake is found in no other quarter of the world besides America." The rattlesnake also has sharp eyes, and "may therefore be esteemed an emblem of vigilance." Furthermore,
"She never begins an attack, nor, when once engaged, ever surrenders: She is therefore an emblem of magnanimity and true courage. ... she never wounds 'till she has generously given notice, even to her enemy, and cautioned him against the danger of treading on her."
"I confess I was wholly at a loss what to make of the rattles, 'till I went back and counted them and found them just thirteen, exactly the number of the Colonies united in America; and I recollected too that this was the only part of the Snake which increased in numbers. ...
"'Tis curious and amazing to observe how distinct and independent of each other the rattles of this animal are, and yet how firmly they are united together, so as never to be separated but by breaking them to pieces. One of those rattles singly, is incapable of producing sound, but the ringing of thirteen together, is sufficient to alarm the boldest man living."
Many scholars now agree that this "American Guesser" was Benjamin Franklin. Franklin, of course, is also known for opposing the use of an eagle -- "a bird of bad moral character" -- as a national symbol.

Written by Chris Whitten
Edited by Celio Azevedo

Kiske x Deris

Esta é uma comparação técnica e imparcial sobre ambos os vocalistas do Helloween. Andi Deris, atual vocalista desde 1994 até hoje. E Michael Kiske, até 1993, atual Unisonic. O objetivo da mesma não é apontar qual o melhor ou pior, apenas demonstrar, através de dados, características de ambos os vocalistas. Kai Hansen não será considerado nesta pesquisa já que o mesmo não ficou tanto tempo como vocalista da banda. Apenas em um álbum, o brilhante “Walls of Jericho”, para se dedicar exclusivamente a grandes composições do Helloween e às guitarras, ao lado do não menos importante em ambas as posições, Michael Weikath. O mesmo foi feito por Timo Tolkki no Stratovarius, por exemplo, nos anos 1990.
Sabe-se que Michael Kiske canta mais agudo por conta do mesmo ser classificado como tenor, o que não tem nada a ver com extensão vocal. Exemplo: Axl Rose é classificado como barítono e sempre possuiu uma extensão vocal altíssima. Por muito tempo considerada a maior de todas.
Já o Andi Deris também é classificado como barítono, também possui uma extensão vocal altíssima, equivalente e até ligeiramente maior que a do Michael Kiske, dadas as informações que temos até o momento.

Ambos tiveram papel importante na banda Helloween. Michael Kiske por contribuir para a mesma ser mundialmente conhecida, com a sua melódica voz. E Andi Deris por ter feito o Helloween renascer das cinzas, após o fatídico, ou talvez, incompreendido “Chameleon” e também deixar a banda mais conhecida ainda.

Como letristas. Michael Kiske se destaca por seu trabalho solo como compositor. Andi Deris se destaca por seu trabalho de compositor no Helloween e de diversas outras bandas que também produz.

Vamos então às notas mais altas e mais baixas atingidas por ambos os vocalistas:

Vocalista: Andreas Deris (Andi Deris)

Tipo de voz: Alto Barítono
Extensão vocal: C2-G♯5

Notas Médias e Altas Significativas:

G♯5 ("Talk to the Moon", "Hocus Pocus")
G5 ("Do You Know What You Are Fighting For", "Dreambound", "Push", "Rolling Down a Thunder", "Silent Rain", "Stray Kid", "The Invisible Man", "The King for a 1000 Years")
F♯5 ("Burning Sun", "I Want Out" live, "Nabataea", "Occasion Avenue", "Pleasure Drone")
F5 ("A Game We Shouldn't Play", "Child of Sorrows", "Kill It", "Nabataea", "Occasion Avenue", "Sugar for Love", "The Invisible Man", "The Smile of the Sun", "The Time of the Oath", "Where the Sinners Go", "World of War")
E5 ("Are You Metal", "Can Do It", "Eagle Fly Free" live, "Mr. Torture", "Push", "Signs of Danger", "Sugar for Love", "Sun 4 the World", "Take Those Tears", "We Damn the Night")
E♭5 ("A Game We Shouldn't Play", "All Over the Nations", "Asshole", "How Many Tears" live, "I Can", "Just a Little Sign", "Let Your Love Fly Free", "Make Fire Catch the Fly", "Must Be Dreaming", "My Life for One More Day", "Occasion Avenue", "Pleasure Drone", "Rolling Down a Thunder", "Silent Rain", "Stray Kid", "Sugar for Love", "The Bells of the 7 Hells", "The Dark Ride", "World of War")
D5 ("Burning Sun", "Can Do It", "Cock", "Eagle Fly Free" live, "Escalation 666", "Fallen to Pieces", "Far From the Stars", "Live Now", "Pleasure Drone", "The Bells of the 7 Hells", "The Sage, the Fool, the Sinner", "The Time of the Oath", "Wake Up the Mountain", "Who Am I")
C♯5 ("A Game We Shouldn't Play", "A Handful of Pain", "Eagle Fly Free" live, "Enamoria", "Forever and One (Neverland)", "Just a Little Sign", "Mr. Torture", "Pleasure Drone", "Sole Survivor", "The Invisible Man", "The King for a 1000 Years", "The Last Days of Rain", "This Could Go On Forever", "Waiting For the Thunder", "Why?", "Will We Ever Change")
C5 ("A Perfect Day", "Asshole", "Can Do It", "Don't Listen to the Radio", "Dreambound", "Fallen to Pieces", "Final Fortune", "Heaven Tells No Lies", "Hold Me in Your Arms", "If A Mountain Could Talk", "If I Could Fly", "I Stole Your Love", "Immortal (Stars)", "Keeper's Trilogy", "Kill It", "My Life for One More Day", "Occasion Avenue", "Paint a New World")
B4 ("A Handful of Pain", "All Over the Nations", "Dangerous", "Eagle Fly Free" live, "Final Fortune", "Forever and One (Neverland)", "Hey Lord!", "I Can", "I Live for Your Pain", "Sun 4 the World", "The Bells of the Seven Hells", "Waiting For the Thunder")
B♭4 ("A Handful of Pain", "A Tale That Wasn't Right" -Unarmed version-, "As Long As I Fall", "Banker's Delight (Dead or Alive)", "Blind", "Church Breaks Down", "Don't Listen to the Radio", "Dreambound", "Heaven Tells No Lies", "If A Mountain Could Talk", "Kill It", "Let Your Love Fly Free", "Light the Universe", "Live Now", "Long Live the King", "Must Be Dreaming", "Nabataea", "Paint a New World", "Salvation", "Silent Rain", "Sole Survivor", "Star Invasion", "Steel Tormentor", "The King for a 1000 Years", "This Could Go On Forever", "Time", "Where the Rain Grows", "Why?")
A4 ("Dreambound", "Escalation 666", "If I Could Fly", "I.M.E.")

Helloween – Hocus Pocus:

Helloween – Push:

Notas Baixas Significativas:

B2 ("Cock", "Enamoria", "Forever and One (Neverland)", "If A Mountain Could Talk", "Immortal", "Revelation", "The Saints", "The Smile of the Sun", "Wake Up the Mountain")
B♭2 ("As Long As I Fall", "Banker's Delight (Dead or Alive)", "Blind", "Occasion Avenue", "The King for a 1000 Years", "This Could Go On Forever")
A2 ("Asshole", "Hold Me in Your Arms", "I.M.E.", "Live Now", "Nabataea", "Where the Sinners Go")
G♯2 ("A Handful of Pain", "Blind", "Dyin' Century", "Forever and One (Neverland)", "Must Be Dreaming", "Occasion Avenue", "Talk to the Moon", "Waiting For the Thunder", "Wake Up the Mountain")
G2 ("A Perfect Day", "Electric Eye", "Hold Me in Your Arms", "Not Yet Today", "The Dark Ride", "The Invisible Man", "Time")
F♯2 ("A Handful of Pain", "Enamoria", "Not Yet Today", "Waiting For the Thunder", "Who Am I")
F2 ("Occasion Avenue", "The Smile of the Sun", "Time")
E2 ("Cock", "Electric Eye", "Wake Up the Mountain")
E♭2 ("Banker's Delight (Dead or Alive)", "Must Be Dreaming", "Kill It", "Silent Rain", "The Dark Ride", "Waiting For the Thunder")
D2 ("Cock")
C♯2 ("A Handful of Pain", "As Long As I Fall", "Enamoria", "Make Fire Catch the Fly", "Must Be Dreaming", "The Invisible Man")
C2 ("Fallen to Pieces")

Andi Deris – Cock:

Helloween – Fallen to Pieces:


Vocalista: Michael Kiske

Tipo de voz: Baixo tenor
Extensão Vocal : E2-A5

Notas Altas Significativas:

A5 ("Follow The Sign" live in Manchester 1987, "Ride the Sky" live in Tilburg 1987, "Someone's Crying")
G♯5 ("How Many Tears" live Manchester '87, "The Ethereal Dream")
G5 ("Dr. Stein", "Eagle Fly Free" live New York '89, "Halloween", "How Many Tears" live in Koln '92, "Keeper of the Seven Keys", "Over the Rainbow", "Reach Out For The Light" live, "Ride the Sky" live in Birmingham 1988, "Starlight", "Victim of Changes" live, "Where Clock Hands Freeze", "You Always Walk Alone")
F♯5 ("Exceptional", "Giants", "How Many Tears" live, "I'm Alive" live Hell on Wheels '87, "Keeper of the Seven Keys", "Streets of Fire", "The Chance")
F5 ("Eagle Fly Free", "Halloween", "Key to the Universe", "New Horizons", "Someone's Crying", "The Tower")
E5 ("A Tale That Wasn't Right" live, "Farewell, "Future World", "Halloween", "I Want Out", "Keeper of the Seven Keys", "Key to the Universe", "Mankind", "March of Time, "Save Us", "The Chance", "The Tower", "Twilight of the Gods", "Victim of Fate", "Wastelands", "We Got the Right")
E♭5 ("Absolution", "Dweller in a Dream", "Farewell", "Hello Moon", "So Sick", "Where Clock Hands Freeze", "Your Time Has Come")
D5 ("A Little Time", "A Tale That Wasn't Right", "Cross the Line", "Do I Remember a Life?", "Dweller in a Dream", "Easy", "Exceptional", "For the Kingdom", "I'm Doin' Fine Crazy Man", "Not Gonna Take Anymore", "Rise and Fall", "The Calling", "Twilight of the Gods", "Wastelands", "We Got the Right", "Your Time Has Come", "Your Turn")
C♯5 ("Absolution", "Back on the Streets", "Exceptional", "Giants", "Hello Moon", "I Believe", "Place Vendome", "The Tower", "We Got the Right", "We Rise", "When the Sinner")
C5 ("Eagle Fly Free", "I Will Be Gone, "Never Change Me", "Philistine City", "Savior in the Clockwork", "Stargazers", "We Got the Right")
B4 ("Back on the Streets", "Cross the Line", "Hello Moon", "I Believe", "I Will Be Gone", "Longing", "Music", "Philistine City", "Revolution Now", "Revolution Renaissance", "Sign of the Times", "Silver Maiden", "Streets of Fire", "The Calling", "The King of it All", "Twilight of the Gods", "You Always Walk Alone", "Your Turn")

Helloween – You Always Walk Alone:

Unisonic – Over the Rainbow:

Notas Baixas e Médias Significativas:

C♯3 ("Exceptional")
C3 ("Windmill", "You Always Walk Alone" 2008 Version)
B2 ("Mary in the Morning", "I Believe", "Set Me Free", "No One Ever Sees Me")
B♭2 ("Music", "In the Night", "So Sick", "Runaway Train", Elvis impression)
A2 ("Revelations", "I Really Don't Want to Know", "Keeper of the Seven Keys", "Mary in the Morning", "No One Ever Sees Me")
G♯2 ("Runaway Train", "Music")
G2 ("Key to the Universe", "So Sick", "Somebody Somewhere", "Revelations", "Kings Fall", "Victim of Fate")
F♯2 ("Halloween," "Easy", "Time's Passing By")
F2 ("Never Change Me", "Shadowfights")
E2 ("Shadowfights", "Love Letters", "Future World" live acoustic)

Michael Kiske – Shadowfights:

Michael Kiske – Love Letters:

Há algum tempo atrás foi postado também um vídeo no Youtube comparando os vocalistas Andi Deris e Michael Kiske, sendo que ambos foram vencedores. O Kiske por cantar mais melódico e o Deris por ser melhor compositor e cantar com uma voz mais hard rock. Confira abaixo:


Ambos os vocalistas são excelentes e marcaram a história do Helloween e do Power Metal. Andi Deris e Michael Kiske possuem extensões vocais similares. A opinião sobre quem é melhor ou não é simplesmente subjetiva, pois não é o fato de um vocalista cantar mais alto ou mais baixo que definirá quem é o melhor. E sim todo o conjunto que inclui devoção à banda, talento como compositor, presença de palco e versatilidade vocal.
Algumas das fontes vieram de tópicos como The Range Place, que podem ligeiramente se alterar a medida que forem adicionadas novas notas atingidas por ambos os vocalistas.



sábado, 2 de maio de 2015

Comunildos Entram em Ação

O PT tentou aprovar recentemente a criação dos conselhos populares para tentar forjar uma ditadura da maioria. A Ditadura da Maioria é uma ditadura socialista. Na qual a maioria na verdade não manda, apenas um grupo de burocratas corruptos, de péssima índole, ou seja, ladrões.

Os conselhos foram criados primeiramente na União das Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas - URSS, no inicio do século XX, por Vladimir Lenin.

A URSS foi uma ditadura socialista que matou mais do que Hitler, cerca de 200 milhões de pessoas, mais do que a população brasileira. Nem o Nazismo conseguiu matar tanta gente. Todos os que eram contra o governo eram fuzilados e as crianças iam para o moedor de carne. Isso após a URSS ter criado os sovietes. Agora pasmem!

"Sovietes" em português quer dizer conselhos populares.

Esses conselhos populares existem na Coreia do Norte, Cuba, na Venezuela Bolivariana, existia na antiga União Soviética (URSS), etc, ou seja, em ditaduras comunistas que mataram e ainda matam milhões até hoje.

Tudo com a justificativa de se fazer a "justiça social" que é a de tomar dos ricos e a dar para os pobres, só que eles nem fazem isso, eles sempre tomam dos ricos e o dinheiro fica para os governantes do Estado, exemplo do que acontece em Cuba, aconteceu na URSS e em todos os outros países que citei. o Fidel é o homem mais rico do mundo na verdade. A falta de empresas privadas num país ainda gera mais pobreza aos países socialistas. Tanto é que a cada existem mais pobres no Brasil, já que aqui é um país aonde as grandes empresas são estatais.

Entendeu agora o que o PT e a esquerda querem fazer com o Brasil?

Um golpe bolivariano eleitoral para implantar o socialismo no Brasil de maneira disfarçada.

Abram os olhos!

Célio Azevedo.

sexta-feira, 1 de maio de 2015

Se Relacione...

Se relacione apenas com quem te enxerga como você se enxerga.

Célio Azevedo.

Fora Foro "Cubano" de São Paulo!

EXTRA, EXTRA: Presidente ladra Michelle Bachelet, vulgo "a gorda socialista", está intimada a depor na justiça por conta de corrupção em seu novo governo socialista, vindas de seu filho (uma família de ladrões), destruindo o que seria o último bastião da Ética e da honestidade, e da ex-direita política da América, o Chile.

Digo, América porque o Obama socialista retirou Cuba do grupo de países que apoiam o terrorismo. Sabem o que eu acho sobre isso? Acho que a Alemanha deveria expulsar a Grécia comunista da União Europeia. Falam demais!

Célio Azevedo.

Especial 1º de maio: Como me tornei comunista e como deixei de ser um

Como me tornei comunista:

Era muito jovem, cheio de sonhos. Um deles era o de mudar o Mundo. Transformá-lo em melhor, na minha arrogância. Me filiei ao Partido Comunista, achando que organizado isso seria mais fácil de ser feito. Militei por anos, todos os dias, li várias obras do marxismo. Se não todas. Pelo menos 75% delas. 100 % praticamente de Karl Marx. Dominando a teoria e a sua aplicação prática. De forma psicopática ou histérica, não sei, acreditava que os fins justificavam os meios. Ou seja, era um grandíssimo "filho da puta". Ou estava me tornando um. Porém, não sabia. Era um "tarefeiro". Adorava realizar as tarefas voluntariamente. Acreditava que realmente estava construindo algo de bom. Mas na verdade, estava só perdendo tempo.

Como deixei de ser comunista:

Comecei a notar que o objetivo do comunismo não é mudar o Mundo, e sim dominá-lo. Um projeto de poder. Uma doutrina assassina. Os fins que justificavam os meios começaram a me prejudicar quando eu desafiei os interesses de alguns dirigentes do partido. Notei que se é para ser filho da puta e transformar o Mundo numa putice social, então era melhor não fazer nada, pois já estávamos em uma.

Abri a minha mente para outras ideias. Li outros livros. Com a ajuda do meu pai, e de alguns amigos na época, notei que não ser egoísta no sentido de pensar em si mesmo em primeiro lugar, era uma tamanha falta de caráter e de inteligência. Estudei mais. Libertei-me deles, e aos poucos, me libertei do modo de pensar socialista e de esquerda. Estava me formando na minha primeira faculdade. Estudei em outras, fiz pós-graduações em áreas administrativas. Procurei conhecer alguns países para poder abrir mais a minha mente. Estudei muito as ciências políticas. E descobri que para ser especialista nessa não precisa ter necessariamente mestrado na área.

Mais de 10 anos se passaram. E estou completamente liberto dessa "filosofia" invejosa chamada socialismo. Já faz anos que não voto na esquerda. E esse é o meu maior motivo de orgulho. Deixei de ser algo ruim, não porque me compraram, ou porque me vendi. E sim porque estudei mais e me redescobri como um indivíduo.

Célio Azevedo.